Common eye problems in children (vision awareness month)

Common eye problems in children (vision awareness month)

Changing lifestyle has provided the human with lots of benefits, a better technological aspect and a new way of life have been possible because of the shift into this lavish way of living. With lots of technological aid, there have been instances where these pros shift into cons and become fatal.

Children today suffer from similar problems because of these shifts in lifestyle. Maintaining a proper healthy diet and inclusion of green veggies into your child’s eating habits can help. Along with it, hygiene is the topmost factor that can contribute to keeping eye-related issues at par.

Here in this article, we are going to look at these common eye-related issues that can help the parents to diagnose and fight back the diseases much earlier.

1. Amblyopia

Referred to as a lazy eye, it is actually a poor vision in an eye that may appear normal. If untreated, for a long time amblyopia can cause irreversible visual loss in the affected eye. This can cause fatal results in the programming of the brain it is best treated as early as possible, ideally before a child is 8 years of his age.

2. Refractive errors

Refractive errors lead to a condition where the shape of the eye doesn’t refract (bend) properly and so the images appear blurred. Refractive errors can also cause amblyopia. However, nearsightedness is the most common refractive error occurring in school-age children; others include farsightedness and astigmatism

Nearsightedness: Also called as myopia, it leads to poor distance vision. It can be corrected with glasses or contacts.

Farsightedness: This leads to a poor vision for shortsighted things. Commonly called hyperopia and is usually treated with glasses or contacts.

Astigmatism:  Astigmatism is a result of imperfect curvature of the front surface of the eye, treated with glasses this is a common refractive error leading to the blurred vision.

3. Pink eye or Conjunctivitis

Inflammation or redness of the conjunctiva, the Pink eye is a common disease among school children. It is contagious in nature, as caused by a bacterial or viral infection. They can also be categorized as eye allergies. 

The infection usually spread by physical contact while playing or by getting in the contact of objects of any infected child. Antibiotic eye drops are advised to control the infection but maintaining personal hygiene is the utmost care for this.

 4. Chalazion

It seems like a small painless swelling in the eyelid, when a gland of the upper or lower eyelid is blocked it causes a problem called Chalazion. Accompanied by the redness and swelling of the eyelid sometimes can cause a yellow ooze in the eye.

This condition, however, may resolve on its own but eye drops or warm compresses can help in the recovery. But do take early precaution as surgery might be required in severe cases.

5. Strabismus

Commonly known as crossed eyes Strabismus leads to a condition where both the eyes are misaligned by turning in, out, up, or down and further there is an inconsistency in aiming at the same object for a long time.

 It is impossible to cure the disease if left untreated after the child attains complete visual maturity.

This is genetic but can be caused because of the trauma of the muscles, controlling the movement of the eyes or the nerves. It is advisable to begin the treatment early as severe cases may lead to surgery. 

As it is advised, diagnosis and prevention are better than cure, if you find any minute signs of eye problem in your child take them for proper clinical diagnosis available at Shree eye care hospital Dehradun as healthy eyes and vision are a critical part of kids’ development.

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